1 Origin of the name

The true origin of the name “Balkan” is to be found in the ancient Soghdian and Khwarezmian languages of western Central Asia as well Persian --ancient and modern. In those languages, the term "Barkhan" (whence Turkmeni Balkhan, Uzbek Barkhon and Turkish Balkan are derived) stand for 'rolling hills' or even dunes. The name is still preserved in Central Asia in Turkmenistan where there exist the Balkhan/ Balkan Peninsula in the Caspian Sea and the Balkan Province or Balkan Velayat in my Motherland-Turkmenistan.

Student Albert Marhvida, grade 6

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